The driving range of electric cars is still limited, which is often a concern. But with the right care of the e-car battery, these are as good as unfounded. By following a few basic tips, you can even increase the longevity of the battery at the same time.
The 80:20 rule also applies to electric car batteries
The range of an e-car is essentially determined by the charging capacity of the battery. There are a few tips and tricks to keep this as good and as long as possible.
The charging process itself is particularly important. In order to increase the life expectancy of the battery, the car should never be fully charged, but only up to a maximum of 80 percent.
There is also a lower limit for the charge level: if the battery level frequently falls below 20 percent, the battery ages much faster. And even if quick charges are popular, they are unfortunately not good for the battery life. If you have the time, you should take it – and allow the battery a normal charging time.
Temperate climate preferred
The temperature also has a significant effect on the battery of the electric car. In the cold season, you should make sure to charge the battery immediately after driving. Then it is still warm and can handle the charge better, which also means that the full capacity is better absorbed. Conversely, excessive heat is not necessarily good for the batteries, which is why heat in summer should be avoided as much as possible.
Faster is not always better
Another factor for the range is – as is the case with the combustion engine of conventional vehicles – the driving speed and consumption. Which speed is ideal cannot be said in general terms, as this depends on the respective electric car model. Tests have shown, however, that you can increase the range by keeping an average speed of 55 mph.
Or wait for the future
If these tips can be implemented, a high charging capacity is guaranteed and thus a greater range. In the future, this will be possible simply because battery technology is constantly improving and developing. Due to smaller and lighter batteries and changes in their chemical composition, the battery capacity has steadily improved in recent years. The manufacturers are continuously working on innovative solutions to increase the range. For example, the Swiss company Innolith is currently working on a battery that will have a range of 600 miles.
Maximize driving range on plug-in hybrid vehicles
Did you know that there are a few things you can do to maximize the electric range of your plug in hybrid vehicle? As with any vehicle, there are some basic rules you can follow.
For starters, make sure to keep your tires properly inflated, accelerate gradually from a stop, brake smoothly, use heat and air conditioning moderately, and maintain the speed limit.
During cold and hot weather, you’ll see reduced electric range. To help minimize this loss in range in cold weather conditions, use the heated seats, and set your climate control temperature and fan speed lower to help lessen the energy needed for the high voltage electric heater.
And for electric only vehicles, specifically, keeping your vehicle plugged in whenever possible will help maintain the battery temperature. It’s also recommended that you pre-heat your cabin while plugged in. You can do so through your touchscreen or through mobile apps by setting your planned departure time or go time and your desired cabin temperature so that the system uses the energy from your home or charging station, instead of your vehicle’s high voltage battery.
And during warmer weather, reduce the energy needed for air conditioning by setting the cabin temperature a little higher while driving and try to pre-cool your vehicle while plugged in.