Passenger vehicle CO2 emissions rose for the third consecutive year in Europe despite use of more fuel efficient combustion engines, slumping diesel sales and increasing adoption of plug-in electric vehicles.
With an average of 121.8 grams (NEDC) in 2019, it was only slightly below the level of 2014, as the consulting agency Jato Dynamics has determined.
According to the analysts, the two most important causes are the falling share of diesel vehicles and the growing number of new SUVs. The increasing number of hybrids, EVs and plug-in hybrids could not stop the upward trend, but rather weakened it.
In Europe, CO2 emissions only fell in seven countries, including France (minus 0.9 grams to 111.1 grams). With an average value of 129.9 grams (plus 0.8 grams), Germany was the single most polluting market in Europe behind Switzerland (137.7 grams) and Poland (131.4 grams).
Average CO₂ emissions (g/km) under NEDC
Among the manufacturers, Toyota has reduced its emissions the most: After a drop of 2.3 percent, the Japanese automaker rank at first place in the industry with an average emissions of 97.5 grams. Its followed by Citroen, Peugeot , Renault , Nissan , Skoda, Seat and Suzuki before Volkswagen, the first German manufacturer to finish in 9th place (plus 2 grams to 121.2 grams) . At the end of the top 20 list, Mercedes is at 140.9 grams.
Top 20 best-selling brands ranked by average CO₂ emissions (g/km) EU-18
The CO2 values will be particularly important for the manufacturers this year, since EU will fine those automakers with high emissions. The limit for the entire new car fleet in the EU is 95 grams per kilometer, but individual values apply to the individual manufacturers. In the current market, the goals are difficult to achieve.
The manufacturers are therefore increasingly relying on electric cars to reduce emissions. The SUVs in particular now needs to be electrified more, Jato advises.